There are very long distances for transportation of people
and goods from the middle and northern part of Sweden to bigger
markets and densely populated areas in Europe and the existing
markets are not big enough to supply the base required for a
diversified industry. Export oriented companies have long transport
distances to markets and customers. Ordinary people as well as
businessmen in the northern part of Sweden are because of that more
dependent on a well functioning and effective communication system
compared to people living in densely populated areas in Sweden and
in the rest of Europe.
Long distances lead to a reduction in employment and education possibilities as well as reduced access to public and commercial service. In addition, the cost for service in just about all areas becomes higher for each citizen: schools, kindergarten, elder care, public transportation, commercial service and so on. The labour market in north Sweden has in many cases narrow functions and the possibility to link complementing labour markets, an alternative with great potential, has not been utilized in lack of well functioning communications. Further on, the major part of the map reminds of a "white spot", despite many bigger communities most areas have a population consisting of less than 12 500 citizens within a radio of 30 kilometres. The cities are small and the area is sparsely populated.