The northern part of Sweden is an extremely sparsely populated area, a peripheral region comprehending approximately 55 % of the total area of the country, but only 10 % of the population. More specifically: 883 215 inhabitants. This means an average of 4 persons each square kilometre, while the average in the EU is 116 persons each square kilometre.
The region is the only Swedish region with a border to two countries, Norway at the western side and Finland at the eastern side. North Sweden is also a part of the Baltic region, a region which also includes the north western part of Russia. The region is characterised by co-operation which goes beyond borders.
The polar circle is passing through the area, a fact which implies that parts of the region have a subarctic climate. The winters are long and cold, while the summers offers bright nights. This entails a few but very intense months of agriculture. The relatively low fall out of nitrogen makes the northern part of Sweden unique. The products from local agricultures are, according to researchers, of very high quality and have a great taste. The region has a great extent of small scale and ecological production.
The North of Sweden contains all kinds of landscapes; the mountains in the west, the expansive forests and lakes in the inland and the beautiful archipelago by the coast. Around 30 % consist out of mountains and 40 % out of forest. This environment is a unique asset for the future due to a rich cultural and historical heritage. It has a variety of places suitable for outdoor life and for the tourism industry to exploit. The area has also got large assets of raw material and has because of that a great potential in refinement. Electric energy is produced in some of the big rivers and the stations are among the largest generating stations in Europe.